Colombia Flag Facts

Colombia Facts
The history of the National Flag of Colombia runs deep into the strength of its people, its culture, its geography and the riches of this country; each color of its triband design being representative of the history Colombia has faced and its fight for independence. The flag was designed by a Venezuelan military leader and revolutionary named Francisco de Miranda, and it was officially adopted on November 26, 1861.

Colombia Facts
Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America. It is located on the north-west of the continent on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Colombia spans a total area of 1,138,921 sq km and has an overall population of around 48.6 million people. The capital city is called Bogotá, it is situated at high-altitude and bears a total population of over 8 million people. The main language of Colombia is Spanish and the currency used here is the Colombian Peso.

Colombia Facts
Colombia has four border countries: Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador. It is home to the Andes mountains which boast some of the highest peaks in the world. The geography of Colombia is diverse and consists of lush vegetation which offer some of the best growing conditions worldwide. Colombia is a leading producer of fruit, vegetables, coffee and other forms of produce. It is also rich in natural resources such as gold and oil.

National Flag of Colombia *** Flag Designer: Francisco de Miranda *** Date Adopted: November 26, 1861 *** Flag Design: Triband / Tricolor *** Description: Horizontal Triband Design *** Flag Colors: Yellow, Blue, Red *** Flag Use: National flag and ensign *** Flag Day: 20 July and 7 August

Colombia Flag Facts

  1. Facts for Kids 1: Colombia Flag
    Following the civil war and political in-fighting, the Republic of Colombia was formed and a new flag was introduced. The nine stars were removed from the previous flag, and the colors of yellow, blue and red were retained.

  2. Facts for Kids 2: Colombia Flag
    The National Flag of Colombia was introduced on November 26, 1861. It can be described as being a tricolor flag design as it composes three horizontal bands of different colors: yellow, blue and red. The top band is yellow and occupies the top half of the flag. The middle band is blue and takes up one quarter of its overall design and the bottom band is red and also features on one quarter of the flag's design. One of the interesting facts about the National Flag of Colombia is that it doesn’t feature horizontal bands of equal size, unlike many other flags around the world. The ratio of the horizontal bands is 2:1:1.

  3. Facts for Kids 3: Colombia Flag
    The current flag of Colombia was created originally by Francisco de Miranda, a military leader and revolutionary from Venezuela. His colors went on to inspire the flag designs of Venezuela and Ecuador. Francisco de Miranda designed the flag of Colombia using these particular colors for various reasons. A conversation with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a German writer and philosopher, revealed that Francisco de Miranda wanted to create a land, with primary colors that cannot be distorted. The color yellow can be described as being a warm color, and the closest to white. Blue represents serenity and distance, and red is a synthesis of the two. Another possible source of inspiration was the yellow, blue and red banner of the Burger Guard of Hamburg that Francisco de Miranda witnessed during his travels in Europe.

  4. Facts for Kids 4: Colombia Flag
    Colombia itself opted to describe the colors as: yellow for the wealth of the Colombian land, and in particular this color symbolizes the country’s gold reserves, the color blue represents the seas and rivers of Colombia, and the color red portrays the bloodshed and sacrifices made by Colombians during their battle for independence and freedom. Each color is meaningful and representative of Colombian culture, heritage, history, geography and strength.

  5. Facts for Kids 5: Colombia Flag
    The National Flag of Colombia is very important to this South American country as it is representative of its history and the endurance of its people; in particular those who fought hard to gain independence. Flag Day is celebrated on 20 July and 7 August in Colombia as these days mark significant events in history. The Colombian Declaration of Independence relates to events that happened on 20 July 1810, and the Battle of Boyacá which occurred on 7 August, 1819.