Argentina is a country located in Southern South America on the coastline of the South Atlantic Ocean. It is the second biggest country on the continent of South America where it occupies around 2,780,400 km sq of land. The approximate population of Argentina is in excess of 43,886,000 people.
Find out interesting Argentina facts and information about this Southern South American country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the total population, continent, location, size, official language, main religion, people, history, culture, geography, vegetation and landscape of Argentina.
Find out important information about South America with our interesting country facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Argentina in? How big is Argentina? What is Argentina famous for? What are the bordering countries of Argentina? What is the capital city of Argentina? What color is the flag of Argentina?
Argentina Fact File: Continent: South America *** Country Name(s): Argentine Republic, Tierra Argentina, Silvery Land, Land beside the Silvery River *** Location: Southern South America *** Bordering Countries: Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile *** Capital City: Buenos Aires *** Size: 2,780,400 km sq *** Estimated Population: over 43,886,000 *** Currency: Argentine Peso *** Language(s): Spanish *** Country Code for Argentina: +54 *** Largest Cities / Towns: Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Rosario, Mendoza, San Miguel de Tucuman, and La Plata *** Geography of Argentina: Andes Mountains, Iguazu Falls, Perito Moreno Glacier, Talampaya Canyon, Valley of the Moon, National Parks (major National Parks inlcude the World Heritage Sites of Los Glaciares, Los Alerces and Talampaya), Cerro Torre, Mount Fitz Roy, Cerro Aconcagua (Highest peak in the Americas), Rio de la Plata River, waterfalls, rainforest, rich plains of Pampas, tundra, rolling plateau and flatland *** Famous Landmarks of Argentina: The Obelisk, Kavanagh building, Cabildo government house, Las Nereidas font, Metropolitan Cathedral, National Library, San Martin Palace, and many museums, monuments and buildings of interest
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Where is Argentina located?
Argentina is located on the continent of South America. It is positioned in Southern South America, on the coastline of the South Atlantic Ocean and its border countries are Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Argentina population and size
Argentina is the second largest country in South America. The estimated area size of this American country is 2,780,400 km sq. It is predicted that the country has a population of about 43,886,000 inhabitants with Argentina’s most populous region being the capital city of Buenos Aires.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: The capital of Argentina
The capital city of Argentina is Buenos Aires which is situated in the east of the country. Buenos Aires is the most populated city in Argentina and has an approximated population of 15,180,000 inhabitants. The area is known for being a popular tourist destination with many points of interest. There are a range of notable landmarks in the capital of Argentina including the The Obelisk, Kavanagh building, Cabildo government house, Las Nereidas font, Metropolitan Cathedral, National Library, San Martin Palace. Buenos Aires is a very popular tourist destination offering quality hotel accommodation and access to some of the most famous landmarks in Argentina. Buenos Aires is core to the economy of this South American country as it supports major industrial, commercial and financial services. This important capital city houses one of the busiest ports and main distribution hubs in South America.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Argentina major cities
There are several major cities in Argentina, the names of the largest and most important cities and towns include the country’s capital Buenos Aires, and Cordoba, Rosario, Mendoza, San Miguel de Tucuman, and La Plata. The second most populous city in Argentina is called Cordoba. Located in Central Argentina close to the Punilla Valley area, Cordoba has many points of interest including historical buildings and monuments which date back to Spanish colonization.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Argentina flag facts
The national flag of Argentina, whose design composes of three colors, was first introduced in 1812, and can be described as having three horizontal bands equal in size that run the colors of light blue, white, light blue from top to bottom. The Argentinian flag can be identified by a yellow Sun of May symbol that features central to the flag's design. The National Flag of Argentina represents this South American country's history, and in particular, Argentina's fight for independence. The flag was designed by General Manuel Belgrano who established the colors of light blue and white during the May Revolution. The Sun of May is a national emblem of Argentina.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Language of Argentina
The official language of Argentina is Spanish, however, a number of other languages are also spoken across this South American country including Italian, German, English, French and indigenous languages such as Quechua and Mapudungun. The main languages of this country are greatly influenced by its European descendants. Argentina gained independence from Spain on July 9, 1816 and has since attracted many European immigrants, in particular, large numbers from Spain and Italy.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Argentina climate facts
The climate in Argentina can be quite diverse but is generally described as temperate with climatic conditions often being characterized by mild temperatures. However, the climate differs between landscapes and range from the arid areas of the southeast to the sub-Antarctic conditions experienced in the southwest. The climate can often be described as tropical in the north although areas of the northeast can be subjected to extreme floods and severe winds can occur in northern areas.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Argentina geography facts
The geography of Argentina varies across its landmass which stretches from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and lofty Andes peaks, and consists of coastal regions, mountains, wooded Gran Chaco, rich pampas and marshland. Northern Argentina is dominated by rich plains of Pampas that can be subjected to extreme windstorms, the Andes Mountains are located on its western border with Chile and comprise of two main spots that are prone to earthquakes; Mendoza and San Miguel de Tucuman, and southern parts of the country can be described as having flat to rolling plateau. The area is agriculturally rich and sheep and cattle are the mainstay of the Argentine population. Southward is Patagonia, an area marked by cool, dry plain interspersed with wooded and rich agricultural zones. With the exception of major peaks found in Asia, the highest mountain in the Americas and the rest of the world can be found in Argentina; the Cerro Aconcagua summit has a highest point of 6,960m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Argentina famous landmarks
There are numerous unusual landmarks, monuments, museums and buildings of interest in Argentina including the The Obelisk, Kavanagh building, Cabildo government house, Las Nereidas font, Metropolitan Cathedral, National Library, San Martin Palace.
Interesting Facts for Kids 10: What is Argentina famous for?
Argentina is famous for being one of the most popular tourist destinations in South America. Its capital city of Buenos Aires is one of the most populous and busiest cities in the Americas. This country has some of the most stunning features, geographical points, historical sites and landmarks on the continent.
Interesting Facts for Kids 11: Argentina culture facts
Since Argentina gained independence from Spain in the 19th century, the country has welcomed many immigrants, particularly from Europe, majorly from Spain and Italy. European influences have impacted greatly upon the culture and traditions of this country. The majority of the population are highly literate and enjoy a good standard of living. Argentina prospers from natural wealth. The workforce of this country is knowledgeable, and its economy is one of the largest in South America. The main religion here is Roman Catholic. As a multicultural country, the people of Argentina enjoy art, architecture, music, theatre, cinema, literature, cuisine and different types of sport with the most popular sport being football. The national sport of Argentina is Pato which can be described as an historical game played on horseback.
Interesting Facts for Kids 12: Iguaza Falls Facts
The Iguaza Falls can be described as spectacular waterfalls of the Iguaza River located at Misiones Province, Argentina and Panana State, Brazil. The Iguaza Falls form the world's largest waterfall system. The highest waterfall drop is measured at 82m tall.
Interesting Facts for Kids 13: Perito Moreno Glacier Facts
The Perito Moreno Glacier can be described as an ice formation found in Santa Cruz in the Los Glaciares National Park. The total area size of the Perito Moreno Glacier is 250 km sq. It is 30km long and 170m deep, and forms the third largest fresh water reserve on Earth. One of the most interesting facts about the Perito Moreno Glacier is that it is advancing rather than retreating like most other glaciers. The Lago Argentino, meaning Lake Argentinian, is located in the Los Glaciares National Park. It is a notable for being the largest freshwater lake in Argentina.