Interesting Palau Facts

Palau is an island country located in North-Western Oceania (region) where it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean. It covers 459 km2 of land. The approximate population of Palau is more than 21,729.

Check out interesting Palau facts and information about this Oceanian country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Palau.

Find out important information about Oceania (region) with our interesting Palau facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Palau in? What is the population of Palau? What is the capital city of Palau? What famous landmarks are there in Palau? What is the geography of Palau like?

Palau Fact File: Continent: Oceania (region) * Country Name(s): Palau, Republic of Palau * Location: North-Western Oceania (region) * Bordering: the Pacific Ocean * Capital City: Melekeok * Size: 459 km2 * Estimated Population: over 21,729 * Currency: United States dollar (USD) * Language(s): English and Palauan * Country Code: +680

Interesting Palau Facts for Kids

Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Palau belongs to the continent of Oceania (region), it is classed as an island country and is positioned in the Pacific Ocean in North-Western Oceania (region). There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Australia (plus Oceania) is the world's smallest continent, spanning a total area of 9,008,500 km2. Australia (plus Oceania) has 14 countries, and forms 5.9% of the world's landmass. Oceania is a geographical region that includes the continent of Australia. The continent of Australia comprises of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, New Britain, and numerous small adjacent islands. New Zealand is not located on the continent of Australia. However, Australasia is a region of Oceania that includes New Zealand, Australia and Melanesia. Many of the Pacific island countries are located in subregions of Oceania. The subregions are defined as Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. Palau is an island country that spreads over a total area of approximately 459 km2. It is one of the smallest countries in Oceania, situated in Micronesia where its series of islands form the Caroline Islands.

Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this Oceanian country is somewhere in the region of 21,729 people. The majority of Palau's inhabitants reside in Koror which is the country's most populous city. Palau has a very low population when compared to other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 44 people per sq km. The estimated population of Oceania (region) is approximately 39,331,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the smallest population in the world (excluding Antarctica). The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.

Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Palau is Melekeok. The names of other major cities located in this country are Koror, Koror Town, Kloulklubed, Ulimang and Angaur.

Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Palau's approximate border lengths:
Coastline 1,519 km.

Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Palau has a hot tropical climate with high humidity and a rainy season that occurs from May to November. The geography of Palau consists of an extensive island chain with diverse features. The main island is called Babelthuap and it is formed of mountainous regions, some of the other islands are coral atolls with barrier reefs. There are more than 300 islands that belong to Palau. The lowest point of Palau is the Pacific Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Mount Ngerchelchuus at 242m.

Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Palau
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources of Palau include forests, gold and other minerals, marine products and deep-seabed minerals.

Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Palau are Palauan and English. Palauan is the official language across most islands. Almost 10 percent of the population speaks Filipino as a first language.

Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Palau is Roman Catholic at approximately 45% of the population. Around 34% are Protestant , 5% Modekngei , 3% Muslim and 1% Mormon. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.

Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Palau
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of Palau:

  • National symbol(s): bai (native meeting house)

  • National colors: blue and yellow

  • National Anthem/Song: Belau rekid (Translation: Our Palau)

  • National Holiday(s): Constitution Day, 9 July (1981); Independence Day, 1 October (1994)

Interesting Palau Facts for Kids

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