Australia is an island country located in Central Australia (Oceania region) where it is bordered by the Arafura Sea, Coral Sea, Indian Ocean, Tasman Sea and Timor Sea. It spans 7,692,060 km2 of land. It is estimated that the population of Australia is more than 24,450,561.
Find out interesting Australia facts and information about this Australian country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the geography, landscape, landmarks, flag, population, size, continent, language, people, culture, climate, currency and location of Australia.
Discover Australia (Oceania region) with our interesting Australia facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Australia in? What is the geography of Australia like? What famous landmarks are there in Australia? How big is Australia? What is the population of Australia?
Australia Fact File: Continent: Australia (Oceania region) * Country Name(s): Australia, Commonwealth of Australia * Location: Central Australia (Oceania region) * Bordering: the Arafura Sea, Coral Sea, Indian Ocean, Tasman Sea and Timor Sea * Capital City: Canberra * Size: 7,692,060 km2 * Estimated Population: over 24,450,561 * Currency: Australian dollar (AUD) * Language(s): English * Country Code: +61
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Australia forms part of the continent of Australia (Oceania region), it is classed as an island country and is positioned in the Arafura Sea, Coral Sea, Indian Ocean, Tasman Sea and Timor Sea in Central Australia (Oceania region). There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Australia (plus Oceania) is the smallest continent in the world, it has 14 countries, stretches across a total area size of 9,008,500 km2 and forms 5.9% of the landmass of the world. Oceania is a geographical region that includes the continent of Australia. The continent of Australia comprises of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, New Britain, and numerous small adjacent islands. New Zealand is not located on the continent of Australia. However, Australasia is a region of Oceania that includes New Zealand, Australia and Melanesia. Many of the Pacific island countries are located in subregions of Oceania. The subregions are defined as Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. Australia is an island country that stretches over a total area of approximately 7,692,060 km2. It is the largest country in the region of Oceania, the sixth largest country in the world and the largest country located completely within the Southern Hemisphere.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this Australian country is more than 24,450,561 people. The majority of Australia's inhabitants reside in Sydney which is the country's most populous city. Australia has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 3 people per sq km. The estimated population of Australia (Oceania region) is approximately 39,331,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the smallest population in the world (excluding Antarctica). The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Australia's capital city is called Canberra. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The coastline of Australia is approximately 25,760 km. Australia is the largest country in the world without any land borders at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climatic conditions of Australia can be described as arid to semiarid. The country is very big so the weather conditions differ across the land. Southern and eastern regions generally experience a temperate climate where as northern regions receive a more tropical climate. Extreme weather conditions in Australia have been known to result in cyclones along the coast, severe periods of droughts and raging forest fires. The Fremantle Doctor can be defined as a powerful sea breeze that impacts the city of Perth on the west coast of Australia. The Fremantle Doctor is one of the world's most consistent winds. The geography of Australia is formed majorly of low plateau with deserts, and plains in the south-eastern regions. The lowest point of Australia is the Lake Eyre at -15m, and the highest point of elevation is Mount Kosciuszko at 2,228m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Australia
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources of Australia include bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, gold, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare elements, mineral sands, zinc, lead, diamonds, natural gas and petroleum.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Australia is English. Other languages that are used as a primary form of communication but on a smaller scale include Mandarin, Italian, Greek, Arabic, Cantones and Vietnamese.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Australia is Protestant at approximately 23% of the population. Around 22% are Roman Catholic, 4% The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all. Christian, 2% Muslim, 2% Buddhist, 2% Orthodox and 1% Hindu. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Australia
Each country across the world has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, colors, mottos, anthems and songs are used to symbolize the pride and individuality of a nation. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of Australia:
National symbol(s): Southern Cross constellation (composed of five stars: four large seven-pointed stars, one small five-pointed star), kangaroo, emu
National colors: green and gold
National Anthem/Song: Advance Australia Fair
National Holiday(s): Australia Day, 26 January (1788); ANZAC Day 25 April (1915)