Mexico is a coastal country located in Central North America where it is bordered by Belize, Guatemala, United States, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Ocean. It spans 1,964,380 km2 of land. The total population of Mexico is in excess of 129,163,276.
Find out interesting Mexico facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of Mexico.
Learn about North America with our interesting Mexico facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Mexico in? What is the climate like in Mexico? What is the main language of Mexico? What is the capital city of Mexico? What are the major cities of Mexico?
Mexico Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): Mexico, United Mexican States * Location: Central North America * Bordering: Belize, Guatemala, United States, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Ocean * Capital City: Mexico City * Size: 1,964,380 km2 * Estimated Population: over 129,163,276 * Currency: Mexican peso (MXN) * Language(s): Spanish * Country Code: +52
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Mexico forms part of the continent of North America, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Belize, Guatemala, United States, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the world's third largest continent, it has 23 countries, plus many other territories. It occupies a total area of 24,490,000 km2 and forms 16.5% of the landmass of the world. Mexico is a coastal country that stretches over a total area of approximately 1,964,380 km2. It is one of the largest countries in North America and the world.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is thought to be more than 129,163,276 people. The majority of Mexico's inhabitants reside in Mexico City which is the country's most populous city. Mexico has the tenth highest population in the world, its overall population density is approximately 57 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Mexico is Mexico City. Other major cities located in this country include Iztapalapa, Ecatepec de Morelos, Guadalajara, Puebla City and Ciudad Juárez.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of Mexico's borders:
Coastline 9,330 km, Belize 276 km, Guatemala 958 km, US 3,155 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Mexico is a huge country so its climate varies throughout its regions from hot, humid and tropical on the coast to arid and temperate inland, particularly in areas of high elevation. The geography of Mexico is formed by its beautiful beaches and coastal plains, areas of high elevation and mountainous regions, as well its desert land, namely the Chihuahuan Desert. The Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental are two mountain ranges that extend from the Rocky Mountains across Mexico from north to south. The Sierra Nevada and Sierra Madre del Sur also occupy areas across this vast country. Numerous islands belong to this country including the Revillagigedo Islands and Guadalupe Island. Mexico is classed as a mega diverse country which means that it encompasses a high rate of endemic species and the majority of the species found on Earth. The lowest point of Mexico is the Laguna Salada at -10m, and the highest point of elevation is Volcan Pico de Orizaba at 5,636m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Mexico
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Mexico include petroleum, silver, copper, gold, zinc, lead, natural gas and timber.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Mexico is Spanish, which is spoken by the overwhelming majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Mexico is Roman Catholic at approximately 82% of the population. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Mexico
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, colors, anthems, songs and mottos represent the national pride and identity of countries across the globe. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Mexico:
National symbol(s): golden eagle
National colors: green, white and red
National Anthem/Song: Himno Nacional Mexicano (Translation: National Anthem of Mexico)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 16 September (1810)
National Motto(s): La Patria Es Primero (Translation: The Homeland is First)