Haiti is an island country located in Eastern North America where it is bordered by the Dominican Republic, the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. It spreads across 27,750 km2 of land. The overall population of Haiti is more than 10,981,229.
Learn interesting Haiti facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Uncover important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of Haiti.
Discover North America with our interesting Haiti facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Haiti in? What color is the flag of Haiti? What is the climate like in Haiti? What is the capital city of Haiti? What are the major cities of Haiti?
Haiti Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): Haiti, Republic of Haiti * Location: Caribbean, Eastern North America * Bordering: the Dominican Republic, the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea * Capital City: Port-au-Prince * Size: 27,750 km2 * Estimated Population: over 10,981,229 * Currency: Haitian gourde (HTG) * Language(s): French, Haitian Creole * Country Code: +509
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Haiti belongs to the continent of North America, it is classed as an island country and is situated in the Dominican Republic, the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea in Eastern North America. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the third largest continent in the world, it has 23 countries, plus many other territories, stretches across a total area size of 24,490,000 km2 and forms 16.5% of the landmass of the world. Haiti is an island country that stretches over a total area of approximately 27,750 km2. It is part of a Caribbean island which it occupies with the Dominican Republic. Haiti makes up less than 40 percent of the entire island, with the Dominican Republic occupying the remainder.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is somewhere in the region of 10,981,229 people. The majority of Haiti's inhabitants reside in Port-au-Prince which is the country's most populous city. Haiti has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 363 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Haiti is Port-au-Prince. Other major cities located in this country include Delmas, Pétionville, Port-de-Paix, Croix-des-Bouquets and Jacmel.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of Haiti:
Coastline 1,771 km, Dominican Republic 376 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Haiti experiences a tropical climate, with semiarid conditions that occur as a result of mountainous regions in the east that prevent exposure to trade winds. The geography of Haiti is dominated by mountainous regions. The country shares the island on which it is located with the Dominican Republic. Haiti encompassed around one third of the land. The lowest point of Haiti is the Caribbean Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Chaine de la Selle at 2,680m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Haiti
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources of Haiti include bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower (water power) and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Haiti are French and Creole, which are spoken by the majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Haiti is Roman Catholic at approximately 54% of the population. Around 28% are Protestant and 2% voodoo. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Haiti
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Haiti:
National symbol(s): Hispaniolan trogon (bird), hibiscus flower
National colors: blue and red
National Anthem/Song: La Dessalinienne (Translation: The Dessalines Song)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 1 January (1804)
National Motto(s): Liberté, égalité, fraternité (Translation: Freedom, equality, brotherhood)