Guatemala is a coastal country located in Central North America where it is bordered by Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean. It spans 108,889 km2 of land. The approximate population of Guatemala is in excess of 16,913,503.
Learn interesting Guatemala facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Uncover important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of Guatemala.
Learn key information about North America with our interesting Guatemala facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Guatemala in? What are the major cities of Guatemala? What color is the flag of Guatemala? What is Guatemala famous for? What is the culture of Guatemala like?
Guatemala Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): Guatemala, Republic of Guatemala * Location: Central North America * Bordering: Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean * Capital City: Guatemala City * Size: 108,889 km2 * Estimated Population: over 16,913,503 * Currency: Guatemalan quetzal (GTQ) * Language(s): Spanish * Country Code: +502
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Guatemala forms part of the continent of North America, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the world's third largest continent, spanning a total area of 24,490,000 km2. North America has 23 countries, plus many other territories, and forms 16.5% of the world's landmass. Guatemala is a coastal country that spans a total area of approximately 108,889 km2. It is a small to medium country when compared to other countries across the world. However, Honduras is one of the larger countries of Central America. It is slightly smaller than the biggest Caribbean island of Cuba.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is more than 16,913,503 people. The majority of Guatemala's inhabitants reside in Guatemala City which is the country's most populous city. Guatemala has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 132 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City. The names of other major cities located in this country are Mixco, Villa Nueva, Petapa, San Juan Sacatepéquez and Quetzaltenango.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Guatemala's approximate border lengths:
Coastline 400 km, Belize 266 km, El Salvador 199 km, Honduras 244 km, Mexico 958 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Guatemala has a tropical climate that is characterized by hot and humid conditions across its areas of lowland, and cooler conditions across areas of elevation. Grenada is split into three main geographical regions which consist of the lowland areas of Peten to the north, coastal plains, and mountainous regions. The lowest point of Guatemala is the Pacific Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Volcan Tajumulco at 4,220m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Guatemala
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of Guatemala include petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle and hydropower (water power).
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Guatemala is Spanish. Numerous Maya languages are also spoken in this country including K'iche, Man, Q'eqchi and Kaqchikel.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religions of Guatemala are Roman Catholic, Protestant, and indigenous Mayan spirituality and beliefs.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Guatemala
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Guatemala:
National symbol(s): quetzal (bird)
National colors: blue and white
National Anthem/Song: Himno Nacional de Guatemala (Translation: National Anthem of Guatemala)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
National Motto(s): Libre Crezca Fecundo (Translation: row Free and Fertile)