El Salvador is a coastal country located in Central North America where it is bordered by Guatemala, Honduras and the Gulf of Fonseca. It spreads across 21,041 km2 of land. The total population of El Salvador is in excess of 6,377,853.
Find out interesting El Salvador facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of El Salvador.
Learn about North America with our interesting El Salvador facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is El Salvador in? What are the major cities of El Salvador? How big is El Salvador? What is the population of El Salvador? What is El Salvador famous for?
El Salvador Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): El Salvador, Republic of El Salvador * Location: Central North America * Bordering: Guatemala, Honduras and the Gulf of Fonseca * Capital City: San Salvador * Size: 21,041 km2 * Estimated Population: over 6,377,853 * Currency: United States dollar (USD) * Language(s): Spanish * Country Code: +503
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
El Salvador belongs to the continent of North America, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Guatemala, Honduras and the Gulf of Fonseca. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the third largest continent in the world, it has 23 countries, plus many other territories. It spans a total area of 24,490,000 km2 and forms 16.5% of the world's landmass. El Salvador is a coastal country that stretches across a total area of approximately 21,041 km2. It is the smallest country in Central America by land area.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is over 6,377,853 people. The majority of El Salvador's inhabitants reside in San Salvador which is the country's most populous city. El Salvador has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 294 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of El Salvador is San Salvador. The names of other major cities located in this country are Soyapango, Santa Ana, San Miguel, Mejicanos and Santa Tecla.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following guideline provides details on the approximate border lengths of El Salvador:
Coastline 307 km, Guatemala 199 km, Honduras 391 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
El Salvador has a tropical climate with a rainy season that occurs between May and October. Areas of high elevation receive a more temperate climate. The geography of El Salvador is formed mainly by mountainous regions, central plateau and a narrow coastal region. An interesting fact about El Salvador is that it is the smallest country in Central America and the only one without a border with the Caribbean Sea. The lowest point of El Salvador is the Pacific Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Cerro El Pital at 2,730m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of El Salvador
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources found in El Salvador include hydropower (water power), geothermal power (heat energy generated and stored in the Earth), petroleum, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of El Salvador is Spanish, which is spoken by the majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of El Salvador is Roman Catholic at approximately 50% of the population. Around 36% are Protestant. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of El Salvador
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries worldwide to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of El Salvador:
National symbol(s): turquoise-browed motmot (bird)
National colors: blue and white
National Anthem/Song: Himno Nacional de El Salvador (Translation: National Anthem of El Salvador)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
National Motto(s): Dios, Unión, Libertad (Translation: God, Union, Liberty)