Cuba is an island country located in Eastern North America where it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. It stretches across 109,886 km2 of land. The overall population of Cuba is in excess of 11,484,636.
Check out interesting Cuba facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Cuba.
Learn about North America with our interesting Cuba facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Cuba in? What are the major cities of Cuba? What is the population of Cuba? What is Cuba famous for? What is the culture of Cuba like?
Cuba Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): Cuba, Republic of Cuba * Location: Caribbean, Eastern North America * Bordering: the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico * Capital City: Havana * Size: 109,886 km2 * Estimated Population: over 11,484,636 * Currency: Cuban peso (CUP) * Language(s): Spanish * Country Code: +53
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Cuba is located on the continent of North America, it is classed as an island country and is situated in the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico in Eastern North America. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the world's third largest continent, occupying a total area of 24,490,000 km2. North America has 23 countries, plus many other territories, and forms 16.5% of the world's landmass. Cuba is an island country that spreads across a total area of approximately 109,886 km2. It is the largest Caribbean island, it is around 9.5 times bigger than Jamaica.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is over 11,484,636 people. The majority of Cuba's inhabitants reside in Havana which is the country's most populous city. Cuba has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 102 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Cuba's capital city is called Havana. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Santiago de Cuba, Camagüey, Holguín, Guantánamo and Santa Clara.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following guideline provides details on the approximate border lengths of Cuba:
Coastline 3,735 km, US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 28.5 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Cuba has a tropical climate with a rainy season that occurs from May to October. The high temperatures are moderated by trade winds, making the weather conditions more comfortable. The geography of Cuba is comprised of majorly large areas of flat land with hilly and mountainous regions in the southeast. The lowest point of Cuba is the Caribbean Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Pico Turquino at 1,974m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Cuba
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources of Cuba include cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Cuba is Spanish.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Cuba is nominally Roman Catholic at approximately 85% of the population. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Cuba
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, colors, anthems, songs and mottos represent the national pride and identity of countries across the globe. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of Cuba:
National symbol(s): royal palm
National colors: red, white and blue
National Anthem/Song: La Bayamesa (Translation: The Bayamo Song)
National Holiday(s): Triumph of the Revolution (Liberation Day), 1 January (1959)
National Motto(s): Patria o muerte (Translation: Fatherland or death)