Interesting Canada Facts

Canada is a coastal country located in Northern North America where it is bordered by Saint Pierre, Miquelon, United States, the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. It covers 9,984,670 km2 of land. It is estimated that the population of Canada is thought to be more than 36,624,199.

Learn interesting Canada facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the climate, currency, flag, continent, geography, landscape, language, people, culture, landmarks, population, location and size of Canada.

Find out important information about North America with our interesting Canada facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Canada in? What color is the flag of Canada? What is the geography of Canada like? What is the climate like in Canada? What are the major cities of Canada?

Canada Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): Canada * Location: Northern North America * Bordering: Saint Pierre, Miquelon, United States, the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean * Capital City: Ottawa * Size: 9,984,670 km2 * Estimated Population: over 36,624,199 * Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD) * Language(s): English and French * Country Code: +1

Interesting Canada Facts for Kids

Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Canada belongs to the continent of North America, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Saint Pierre, Miquelon, United States, the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the world's third largest continent, spanning a total area of 24,490,000 km2. North America has 23 countries, plus many other territories, and forms 16.5% of the world's landmass. Canada is a coastal country that stretches across a total area of approximately 9,984,670 km2. It is the largest country in North America and the second largest country in the world.

Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is somewhere in the region of 36,624,199 people. The majority of Canada's inhabitants reside in Toronto which is the country's most populous city. Canada has a high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 3 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.

Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Canada is Ottawa. The names of other major cities located in this country are Toronto, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton and Mississauga.

Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of Canada:
Coastline 202,080 km, US 8,893 km, including 2,477 km border with Alaska.

Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Canada is a huge country with a diverse climate that differs throughout its regions. Southern areas of Canada receive a temperate climate, where as northern regions experience subarctic to arctic conditions. The Canadian winters are very cold and long, particularly in northern areas where the weather conditions are severe. Central and southern areas of Canada welcome more pleasant, warmer climate conditions from around May-time through to September. The geography of Canada is diverse as it is the second biggest country on Earth. Its landscape is vast and comprises of mountains, namely the Rocky Mountains, boreal forests and tundra, flat Prairies in the southwest, rolling plains, hills, lakes, swamps and rivers, and of course, the majestic Niagara Falls that occupy the border between Canada and America. The lowest point of Canada is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Mount Logan at 5,959m.

Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Canada
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources found in Canada include iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, natural gas, petroleum and hydropower (water power).

Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Canada are English and French. A small percentage of the population speak other languages as their primary form of communication, such languages include Punjabi, German, Italian, Spanish, Cantonese, Tagalog and Arabic.

Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Canada is Roman Catholic at approximately 39% of the population. Around 26% are Protestant and Christian, and 3% Muslim. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.

Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Canada
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries worldwide to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Canada:

  • National symbol(s): maple leaf, beaver

  • National colors: red and white

  • National Anthem/Song: O Canada

  • National Holiday(s): Canada Day, 1 July (1867)

  • National Motto(s): A mari usque ad mare (Translation: From sea to sea)

Interesting Canada Facts for Kids

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