Vatican City is a landlocked, enclave country located in Southern Europe where it is bordered entirely by Italy . As the smallest country in the world, and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, Vatican City spreads over just 0,44 km2 of land. The total population of Vatican City is in excess of 451 people.
Check out interesting Vatican City facts and information about this tiny European country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Vatican City.
Discover Italy with our interesting Vatican City facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Vatican City in? How big is Vatican City? What is the culture of Vatican City like? What is an enclave country? What is the population of Vatican City?
Vatican City Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Vatican City, Vatican City State * Location: Southern Europe * Bordering: Italy (surrounded by the city of Rome) * Capital City: Vatican City * Size: 0,44 km2 * Estimated Population: over 451 * Currency: Euro (EUR) * Language(s): Italian * Country Code: +379
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Vatican City forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a landlocked position and is bordered entirely by Italy. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, spanning a total area of 10,180,000 km2. Europe has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. Vatican City is a landlocked country that encompasses a total area of approximately 0,44 km2. It is the smallest country in the world by area and population. Vatican City is officially classed as an enclave as it is surrounded entirely by Italy.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is somewhere in the region of 451 people. The majority of Vatican City's inhabitants reside in Vatican City which is the country's most populous city. Vatican City has the lowest population in the world, its overall population density is approximately 2,272 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Vatican City is in fact Vatican City. It is the only city situated in this small country.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following guideline provides details on the approximate border lengths of Vatican City:
Italy 3.4 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Vatican City experiences a temperate climate with mild, wet winters and dry, hot summers. Vatican City is located on a low hill known as Vatican Hill. The country is unique as it is the world's smallest state, and is completely surrounded by the city of Rome. As head of the Catholic Church and home to the Pope, the Vatican takes prominence of the area. The area is very urban and has many points of interest including St. Peter's Basilica in St. Peter's Square, Extraterritorial property of the Holy See, Vatican museums, a railway, and a church, among other buildings and attractions. The lowest point of Vatican City is the Saint Peter's Square at 19m, and the highest point of elevation is Vatican Gardens at 78m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Vatican City
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. There are no natural resources to be found in Vatican City.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Vatican City is Italian. Other languages that are spoken in this country include Latin and French.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Vatican City is Roman Catholic. The Vatican is the centre of the Roman Catholic Church and home of the Pope. Roman Catholicism is the primary business of Vatican City as well as the country's official religion.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Vatican City
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Vatican City:
National symbol(s): crossed keys beneath a papal tiara
National colors: yellow and white
National Anthem/Song: Inno e Marcia Pontificale (Translation: Hymn and Pontifical March); often called The Pontifical Hymn
National Holiday(s): Election Day of Pope FRANCIS, 13 March (2013)
National Motto(s): Personal motto of Pope Francis 'Miserando Atque Eligendo' (Translation: By Giving mercy and by choosing)