Interesting Portugal Facts

Portugal is a coastal country located in Southern Europe where it is bordered by Spain and the Atlantic Ocean. It covers 92,090 km2 of land. The estimated total population of Portugal is over 10,329,506.

Check out interesting Portugal facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Portugal.

Find out important information about Europe with our interesting Portugal facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Portugal in? What is the main language of Portugal? What color is the flag of Portugal? What is the culture of Portugal like? What are the major cities of Portugal?

Portugal Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Portugal, Portuguese Republic * Location: Southern Europe * Bordering: Spain and the Atlantic Ocean * Capital City: Lisbon * Size: 92,090 km2 * Estimated Population: over 10,329,506 * Currency: Euro (EUR) * Language(s): Portuguese * Country Code: +351

Interesting Portugal Facts for Kids

Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Portugal belongs to the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Spain and the Atlantic Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, it has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia. It occupies a total area of 10,180,000 km2 and forms 6.8% of the landmass of the world. Portugal is a coastal country that occupies a total area of approximately 92,090 km2. It is one of the smaller countries of Europe. Portugal is slightly smaller than Hungary.

Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is in excess of 10,329,506 people. The majority of Portugal's inhabitants reside in Lisbon which is the country's most populous city. Portugal has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 116 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.

Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Portugal is Lisbon. Other major cities located in this country include Porto, Amadora, Braga, Setúbal and Coimbra.

Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of Portugal:
Coastline 1,793 km, Spain 1,224 km.

Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Portugal has a warm temperate climate characterized by mild winters and warm summers. Southern areas tend to experience the hottest and driest climate conditions. The geography of Portugal comprises of mountainous regions in the north, rolling plains and coastal areas in the western and southern regions. The Tagus River passes across the country, separating northern and southern regions. The lowest point of Portugal is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Ponta do Pico on Ilha do Pico in the Azores at 2,351m.

Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Portugal
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Portugal include fish, forests, iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land suitable for growing crops and hydropower (water power).

Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Portugal are Portuguese and Mirandese. The language of Mirandese is spoken by a small percentage of the population who reside in north-eastern Portugal.

Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Portugal is Roman Catholic at approximately 81% of the population. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.

Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Portugal
Each country across the world has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, colors, mottos, anthems and songs are used to symbolize the pride and individuality of a nation. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Portugal:

  • National symbol(s): armillary sphere (a spherical astrolabe modeling objects in the sky and representing the Republic)

  • National colors: red and green

  • National Anthem/Song: A Portugesa (Translation: The Song of the Portuguese)

  • National Holiday(s): Portugal Day, 10 June (1580)

  • National Motto(s): Esta é a Ditosa Pátria Minha Amada (Translation: This is my Beloved Happy Fatherland)

Interesting Portugal Facts for Kids

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