Poland is a coastal country located in Eastern Europe where it is bordered by Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine and the Baltic Sea. It spreads across 312,685 km2 of land. The estimated population of Poland is more than 38,170,712.
Learn interesting Poland facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of Poland.
Identify important information about Europe with our interesting Poland facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Poland in? What famous landmarks are there in Poland? What is the geography of Poland like? What are the major cities of Poland? What is the climate like in Poland?
Poland Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Poland, Republic of Poland * Location: Eastern Europe * Bordering: Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine and the Baltic Sea * Capital City: Warsaw * Size: 312,685 km2 * Estimated Population: over 38,170,712 * Currency: Polish zloty (PLN) * Language(s): Polish * Country Code: +48
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Poland forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine and the Baltic Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, spanning a total area of 10,180,000 km2. Europe has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. Poland is a coastal country that stretches across a total area of approximately 312,685 km2. It is the 9th largest country by area on the continent of Europe. Poland is larger than Italy but smaller than Finland.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is over 38,170,712 people. The majority of Poland's inhabitants reside in Warsaw which is the country's most populous city. Poland has a high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 122 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Poland's capital city is called Warsaw. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Łódź, Krakow, Wrocław, Poznań and Gdańsk.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of Poland's borders:
Coastline 440 km, Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Kaliningrad (Russian exclave) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Poland experiences a temperate climate characterized by overcast, cold, wet winters, and mild, wet summers. The geography of Poland is comprised majorly of flat plain, and mountainous regions in the south. The lowest point of Poland is the near Raczki Elblaskie at -2m, and the highest point of elevation is Rysy at 2,499m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Poland
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of Poland include coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Poland is Polish, which is spoken by the overwhelming majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Poland is Roman Catholic at approximately 86% of the population. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Poland
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Poland:
National symbol(s): white crowned eagle
National colors: white and red
National Anthem/Song: Mazurek Dabrowskiego (Translation: Dabrowski's Mazurka)
National Holiday(s): Constitution Day, 3 May (1791)