Germany is a coastal country located in Western Europe where it is bordered by Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, the Baltic Sea and North Sea. It spans across 357,021 km2 of land. The overall population of Germany is in excess of 82,114,224.
Learn interesting Germany facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Uncover important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Germany.
Discover Europe with our interesting Germany facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Germany in? What are the major cities of Germany? How big is Germany? What is the culture of Germany like? What is the geography of Germany like?
Germany Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Germany, Federal Republic of Germany * Location: Western Europe * Bordering: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, the Baltic Sea and North Sea * Capital City: Berlin * Size: 357,021 km2 * Estimated Population: over 82,114,224 * Currency: Euro (EUR) * Language(s): German * Country Code: +49
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Germany forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, the Baltic Sea and North Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the second smallest continent in the world, it has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, spans a total area of 10,180,000 km2 and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. Germany is a coastal country that occupies a total area of approximately 357,021 km2. It is the seventh largest country on the continent of Europe. Germany is smaller than Norway but larger than Finland.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is more than 82,114,224 people. The majority of Germany's inhabitants reside in Rhine-Ruhr which is the country's most populous city. Germany has the second highest population in Europe, after Russia, its overall population density is approximately 229 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Germany is Berlin. The names of other major cities located in this country are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt am Main and Essen.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of Germany:
Coastline 2,389 km, Austria 801 km, Belgium 133 km, Czech Republic 704 km, Denmark 140 km, France 418 km, Luxembourg 128 km, Netherlands 575 km, Poland 467 km, Switzerland 348 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Germany has a moderate climate characterized by cool, overcast, rainy winters and warm summers. The geography of Germany is composed of flat lowlands in the north, marshland and wetlands, central hilly areas and uplands, mountain regions, namely the Alps, in the south. The longest rivers that flow through Germany include the River Danube, Rhin, Rhine, Elbe and Oder. The Black Forest is an extensive forest mountain region located in southwest Germany. lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.5m highest point: Zugspitze 2,963m
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Germany
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Germany include coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Germany is German, which is spoken by the overwhelming majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Germany is Roman Catholic at approximately 29% of the population. Around 27% are Protestant, 4% Muslim, and 1% Orthodox Christian. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Germany
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Germany:
National symbol(s): eagle
National colors: black, red and yellow
National Anthem/Song: Das Lied der Deutschen (Translation: Song of the Germans)
National Holiday(s): German Unity Day, 3 October (1990)