Estonia is a coastal country located in Northern Europe where it is bordered by Latvia, Russia, the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. It spreads over 45,227 km2 of land. The estimated overall population of Estonia is in excess of 1,309,632.
Find out interesting Estonia facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of Estonia.
Find out important information about Europe with our interesting Estonia facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Estonia in? What is the climate like in Estonia? What are the major cities of Estonia? What is the main language of Estonia? How big is Estonia?
Estonia Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Estonia, Republic of Estonia * Location: Northern Europe * Bordering: Latvia, Russia, the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland * Capital City: Tallinn * Size: 45,227 km2 * Estimated Population: over 1,309,632 * Currency: Euro (EUR) * Language(s): Estonian * Country Code: +372
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Estonia forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Latvia, Russia, the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, spanning a total area of 10,180,000 km2. Europe has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. Estonia is a coastal country that covers a total area of approximately 45,227 km2. It is one of the smaller countries of mainland Europe. Estonia has a slightly bigger land area than Denmark.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is thought to be more than 1,309,632 people. The majority of Estonia's inhabitants reside in Tallinn which is the country's most populous city. Estonia has a low to average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 30 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Estonia's capital city is called Tallinn. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Tartu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve, Pärnu and Viljandi.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Estonia's approximate border lengths:
Coastline 3,794 km, Latvia 333 km, Russia 324 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Estonia experiences a moderate climate characterised by cool summers and mild, rainy winters. The geography of Estonia is dominated by flatland, boggy and wooded marshland areas, and hilly regions. There are over 1400 lakes in Estonia with the largest and most major lakes being Peipus and Vortsjarv. More than 1,500 islands belong to the Estonia. The largest islands are called Saaremaa, Hiiumaa, Muhu and Vormsi. The lowest point of Estonia is the Baltic Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Suur Munamagi at 318m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Estonia
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of Estonia include oil shale, peat, rare elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land suitable for growing crops and sea mud.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Estonia is Estonian, although nearly one-third of the population speaks Russian as a first language. Another language that is spoken by a very small percentage of the population is Ukrainian.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Estonia is Lutheran at approximately 9% of the population. Around 16% are Orthodox. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Estonia
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Estonia:
National symbol(s): barn swallow, cornflower
National colors: blue, black and white
National Anthem/Song: Mu isamaa, mu onn ja room (Translation: My Native Land, My Pride and Joy)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 24 February (1918)