Belgium is a coastal country located in Western Europe where it is bordered by France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands and the North Sea. It spans across 30,528 km2 of land. It is estimated that the population of Belgium is somewhere in the region of 11,429,336.
Learn interesting Belgium facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of Belgium.
Discover Europe with our interesting Belgium facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Belgium in? What is the main language of Belgium? What is the capital city of Belgium? What are the major cities of Belgium? What famous landmarks are there in Belgium?
Belgium Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Belgium, Kingdom of Belgium * Location: Western Europe * Bordering: France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands and the North Sea * Capital City: Brussels * Size: 30,528 km2 * Estimated Population: over 11,429,336 * Currency: Euro (EUR) * Language(s): Dutch, French and German * Country Code: +32
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Belgium forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands and the North Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, occupying a total area of 10,180,000 km2. Europe has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. Belgium is a coastal country that spreads across a total area of approximately 30,528 km2. It is one of the smaller countries of mainland Europe. Belgium is slightly larger than Albania and smaller than Moldova.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is more than 11,429,336 people. The majority of Belgium's inhabitants reside in Brussels which is the country's most populous city. Belgium has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 358 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Belgium is Brussels. An interesting fact about Brussels is that most western European capital cities are located within 1,000km of the city. The names of other major cities located in this country are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège and Bruges.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Belgium's approximate border lengths:
Coastline 67 km, France 556 km, Germany 133 km, Luxembourg 130 km, Netherlands 478 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Belgium has a temperate climate with cool summers and mild winters. The geography of Belgium is formed by coastal plains, central plateau, rolling hills, fertile valleys with waterways, mountainous and forest regions. The Ardennes Forest occurs majorly in Belgium, and can be described as an extensive forest area featuring rugged hills and ridges, river basins and mountains. Other major geographical features of Belgium include the wetlands area of Campine and the upland plateau and nature reserve known as High Fens. The lowest point of Belgium is the North Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Botrange at 694m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Belgium
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of Belgium include silica sand, carbonates, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Belgium are Dutch and French, which are spoken by the majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Belgium is Roman Catholic at approximately 50% of the population. Around 2% are Protestant and Christian, and 5% Muslim. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Belgium
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries worldwide to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Belgium:
National symbol(s): golden rampant lion
National colors: red, black and yellow
National Anthem/Song: La Brabanconne (Translation: The Song of Brabant)
National Holiday(s): Belgian National Day 21 July (1831)
National Motto(s): Eendracht maakt macht (Translation: Unity gives Strength)