Interesting Facts about Australian Deserts for Kids
Australian Deserts Fact File
for Kids:- Names of Australian Deserts: Great Victoria Desert,
Desert, Tanami Desert, Simpson Desert, Gibson Desert, Little
Desert *** Highest Temperature of Australian Deserts: 50 degrees Celsius ***
Average Winter Temperature of Australian Deserts: 20 degrees Celsius ***
Average Climate and Weather Conditions of the Australian Deserts: Hot and dry, low
Interesting Facts for Kids 1:- What are the names of the
Australian deserts and where are they located?
The Australian deserts cover approximately 18% of the continent,
but almost 35% of the continent remains dry due to low rainfall.
Most of the Australian deserts are located towards the western
plateau land and the lowlands. The names of Australia's biggest
desert biomes are the Great Victoria Desert, Great Sandy Desert,
Tanami Desert and Simpson Desert.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2:- The name of the biggest
Australian desert is the Great Victoria Desert.
This biome is huge and extends over an area of 348,750 sq km.
The Great Victoria Desert is located in Western and South
Australia. The second biggest Australian desert is the
Great Sandy Desert which encompasses an expanse of 284,
993 sq km across its location in Western Australia. The third
largest of the Australian deserts is the Tanami Desert,
it is located in the Western and Northern Territory of Australia
and spreads across a total area size of 184,500 km sq.
Australia’s fourth biggest desert is the Simpson Desert
which is present in Northern, South Australia and Queensland
Territory. The size of the Simpson Desert is approximately
176,500 sq km. The Gibson Desert and the
Little Sandy Desert have an expanse of 156,500
sq km and 111,500 sq km in Western Australia. The other smaller
Australian deserts are located mostly in the South Australian
region, namely Strzelecki, Sturt, Tirari and Pedirka.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3:- What is the average
temperature in the Australian deserts?
The temperatures throughout the Australian deserts vary
considerably. Temperatures can reach as high as 50 degrees
Celsius during the hot summer months and fall as low as 20
degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit) during the winter.
Frosts are known to occur at night time during the winter
months. Basically, the Australian deserts do not experience
spring or autumn seasons. The average winter temperature is
approximately 20 degree Celsius in the most arid areas, even
though the semi arid areas can be subject to freezing night time
temperatures during the winter.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4:- What is the climate of the Australian Deserts?
The climate of the Australian deserts is hot and dry most of the
time with humidity levels remaining between 10-20 percent. 70%
of the whole of Australia typically experiences an arid climate.
The unpredictability of the arrival of the monsoons means that
the land could receive rainfall at any time of the year. There
is a high transpiration rate, much higher than the rainfall
rate. The air is usually dry throughout the Australian deserts
and this doesn’t always change, not even with the occurrence of
thunderstorms which can happen quite unexpectedly. The
thunderstorms are mostly dry as they are not always accompanied
Interesting Facts for Kids 5:- Australian Deserts Rainfall
The Australian deserts typically receive less than 250mm of
rainfall annually. The most arid area regions, such as the
Lake Eyre basin in South Australia, receive an average of
100-140mm of rain per year. Even though the rainfall is less
in these regions, it is not that low when compared to other
deserts across the world, such as the Sahara or Atacama
deserts. The pattern of precipitation differs every year as
it is governed by the summer monsoons. Rainfall contours
divide the Australian deserts into 3 areas:
zone comprising of the Oodnadatta receives rainfall of less
than 150 mm annually.
The arid zone receives 200-300mm
rainfall annually and includes the Alice Springs region.
The semi-arid zone receives about 400mm of rainfall and
includes the Tennant Creek Region.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6:- How big are the four major Australian Deserts?
The names of the four major Australian deserts are the Great
Victoria, Great Sandy Desert, Tanami Desert and Simpson Desert.
The biggest of these biomes is the Great Victoria Desert which
is approximately 348,750 square kilometers. The second biggest
Australian desert is the Great Sandy desert which covers an area
of around 284,993 square kilometers. The third biggest desert in
Australia is the Tanami Desert which is present across an area
of 184,500 square kilometers, and the fourth largest Australian
desert is the Simpson Desert which has a total area of size of
176,500 square kilometers.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7:- What animals live in the
The Australian deserts are home to many
species of animal including the Australia Desert Frog, Bilby,
Perentie, Thorny Devil, Bearded Dragon, Red kangaroo, Dingo and
the camel. Australia is renowned for its kangaroo population.
There are over 200 different marsupial species in Australia. The
Red kangaroo is the most common species of found living in the
Australian deserts. Male red kangaroos are entirely red in color
whereas the females have a gray colored back.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8:- Australian Numbat
Numbat is another type of marsupial commonly found in
the Western Australian deserts. The Numbat is a small black and
white striped animal with a bushy tail. It is also known as the
banded anteater as its diet consists majorly of termites. This
animal is nocturnal, preferring to remain inactive and hidden
during day time hours. One of the most interesting facts about
desert marsupials is that animals belonging to this species,
such as Numbats, conserve energy by storing food as fat in their
tails, similar to the way that camels store food in their humps.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9:- Australian Desert
Although camels can be found living in the
Australian deserts, they are not native to Australia. Camels
were brought to the continent by explorers as they are hardy
animals which are highly adaptable to hot desert climates and
provide a fantastic means of transport. Camels adapt well to the
harsh climate conditions of the Australians deserts. Certain
features protect them from the sun, dust and sands including
their thick eyebrows, three sets of eyelids, hair inside their
ears, nostrils which they can open and close, wide feet, thick
lips and ability to store fat in their humps to conserve energy.
Camels can drink up to 46 litres of water in a day and can
travel for days without food or water.
Interesting Facts for Kids 10:- Australian Dingo
A dingo is a species of wild dog which was brought to
the Australian continent by the Aboriginals. The dingo is the
largest predator found in the Australian deserts. Their prey
includes animals of various sizes including rats, rabbits and
even kangaroos. Despite being competent hunters, their numbers
have declined over the years.
Interesting Facts for Kids 11:- Australian Bilby
The Bilby is a rodent type marsupial found living in
the Australia deserts. Bilby are timid, omnivorous animals with
long rabbit-like ears and pointed noses. They have grey and
white coats, and powerful claws which help them to dig burrows
and tunnels through the ground. The population of Bilby is fast
declining and this animal is threatened with extinction. The
Lesser Bilby has already become extinct.
Interesting Facts for Kids 12:- Australian
Desert Bird Facts
The Australian deserts are home to many
species of bird such as falcons, eagles, swallows, thrush,
parrots, wrens and robins. The emu is amongst the species of
bird found living in the Australian Deserts - a wonderful animal
highly adapted to life in the desert. Emus are large, powerful
and fast. They move from place to place in search of water
Interesting Facts for Kids 13:- Australian
Water-holding Frog Facts
The Water-holding Frog is another
amazing species found living in the Australian desert. It is
named so because it holds water under its skin and looks like a
balloon. The Water-holding Frog only emerges during the rains
and remains in the burrows the rest of the time.
Interesting Facts for Kids 14:- Australian
There are over a 100 different types of spiders
found in the Australian deserts including Barking Spiders (type
of tarantula) and Redback Spiders. Contrary to belief,
Australian spiders are not as dangerous or deadly as we're often
led to believe. Some spider species are venomous with bites that
can cause illness for several hours, but they are usually not
Interesting Facts for Kids 15:- Australian Desert
The Australian deserts are home to many species of snake
including the most poisonous Taipan which is a desert snake.
Taipan snake can grow to around 11 feet long in its full grown
stage and its venom can kill a human in 45 minutes. There are
two types of Taipan varieties: the inland and the coastal kinds.
The Desert Death Adder is native to Australia and is in fact,
one of the world’s most venomous snakes. The Desert Death Adder
is facing extinction due to the destruction of its habitat. Its
fangs are longer then many other snake species and their short,
thick bodies blend well into their surroundings making them hard
to spot, therefore, more dangerous.
The brown snake
varieties of eastern and western type are reported to be
responsible for most deaths in Australia. The eastern brown
snake is the second most venomous land snake. The common Tiger
Snake is the second variety that causes the most number of
deaths. The Mulga or the king brown snake is the heaviest and
one of the longest venomous snake in the world. The woma python
is another species of snake found living in Australia, in the
Ayer's Rock area.