Mongolia is a landlocked country located in Eastern Asia where it is bordered by China and Russia. It stretches across 1,564,100 km2 of land. The estimated overall population of Mongolia is over 3,075,647.
Learn interesting Mongolia facts and information about this Asian country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Mongolia.
Learn about Asia with our interesting Mongolia facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Mongolia in? What is the culture of Mongolia like? What famous landmarks are there in Mongolia? What color is the flag of Mongolia? What is the climate like in Mongolia?
Mongolia Fact File: Continent: Asia * Country Name(s): Mongolia * Location: Eastern Asia * Bordering: China and Russia * Capital City: Ulaanbaatar * Size: 1,564,100 km2 * Estimated Population: over 3,075,647 * Currency: Mongolian tögrög (MNT) * Language(s): Mongolian * Country Code: +976
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Mongolia forms part of the continent of Asia, where it has a landlocked position and is bordered by China and Russia. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Asia is the largest continent in the world, it has 48 countries, with some countries belonging to both Asia and Europe, stretches across a total area size of 43,820,000 km2 and forms 29.5% of the landmass of the world. Mongolia is a landlocked country that spreads over a total area of approximately 1,564,100 km2. It is the seventh biggest country by land area on the continent of Asia.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this Asian country is more than 3,075,647 people. The majority of Mongolia's inhabitants reside in Ulaanbaatar which is the country's most populous city. Mongolia has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 2 people per sq km. The estimated population of Asia is approximately 4,393,296,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. Other major cities located in this country include Ulan Bator, Erdenet, Darhan, Khovd and Ölgii.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of Mongolia's borders:
China 4,630 km, Russia 3,452 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Mongolia has a continental climate that is characterized by cold winters and warm summers. The winter season is long and very cold, and the summer season is short. Mongolia is known as the land of blue sky as it receives many cloudless days throughout the year. The geography of Mongolia is characterized by large areas of semi desert and desert regions, namely the Gobi Desert which occurs in south-central Mongolia. Large grassland steppe areas also form part of this country, as do mountainous regions to the west and south-western area. The lowest point of Mongolia is the Hoh Nuur at 560m, and the highest point of elevation is Nayramadlin Orgil at 4,374m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Mongolia
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources found in Mongolia include oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, silver, gold and iron.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian. Other languages that are spoken in this country include Turkic and Russian.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Mongolia is Buddhist at approximately 53% of the population. Around 3% are Muslim, 2% Shamanist and 2% Christian. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Mongolia
Each country across the world has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, colors, mottos, anthems and songs are used to symbolize the pride and individuality of a nation. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Mongolia:
National symbol(s): soyombo emblem
National colors: red, blue and yellow
National Anthem/Song: Mongol ulsyn toriin duulal (Translation: National Anthem of Mongolia)
National Holiday(s): Naadam holiday (games) 11-15 July; Constitution Day 26 November (1924)