India is a coastal country located in Southern Asia where it is bordered by Bangladesh, including Dahagram-Angarpota, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Andaman Sea and Indian Ocean. It spans 3,287,260 km2 of land. The estimated total population of India is thought to be more than 1,339,180,127.
Find out interesting India facts and information about this Asian country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of India.
Learn about Asia with our interesting India facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is India in? What is the climate like in India? What is the population of India? What is the capital city of India? What famous landmarks are there in India?
India Fact File: Continent: Asia * Country Name(s): India, Republic of India * Location: Southern Asia * Bordering: Bangladesh, including Dahagram-Angarpota, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Andaman Sea and Indian Ocean * Capital City: New Delhi * Size: 3,287,260 km2 * Estimated Population: over 1,339,180,127 * Currency: Indian rupee (INR) * Language(s): English and Hindi * Country Code: +91
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
India forms part of the continent of Asia, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Bangladesh, including Dahagram-Angarpota, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Andaman Sea and Indian Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Asia is the world's largest continent, occupying a total area of 43,820,000 km2. Asia has 48 countries, with some countries belonging to both Asia and Europe, and forms 29.5% of the world's landmass. India is a coastal country that occupies a total area of approximately 3,287,260 km2. It is the seventh biggest country in the world and third largest country in Asia, with Russia being the largest, followed by China. India is around one third the size of China. .
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this Asian country is more than 1,339,180,127 people. The majority of India's inhabitants reside in Mumbai which is the country's most populous city. India has the second highest population in the world, its overall population density is approximately 368 people per sq km. The estimated population of Asia is approximately 4,393,296,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
India's capital city is called New Delhi. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chennai and Ahmedabad.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of India:
Coastline 7,000 km, Bangladesh 4,142 km, Bhutan 659 km, Burma 1,468 km, China 2,659 km, Nepal 1,770 km, Pakistan 3,190 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate of India varies greatly depending on location and elevation. Southern regions of India typically receive a tropical monsoon climate where as northern regions receive more temperate conditions. The geography of India is composed of the Himalayan mountain range in the north which includes Kangchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world. Kangchenjunga is located on the border of India and Nepal. The Deccan Plateau can be described as an upland plain situated in southern India. Western areas are formed mainly of desert region, and the remaining terrain is dominated by rolling plains. At approximately 2,525km long, the Ganges is one of India's major rivers, and many Hindus consider it sacred. Despite the river being extremely polluted, many people living near the Ganges, use it every day and depend heavily upon it. The lowest point of India is the Indian Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Kanchenjunga at 8,586m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of India
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources found in India include coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of India are Hindi and English. Other lanuages that are widely spoken in India include Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu. A small percentage of the population speak Kannada, Gujarati, Malayalam, Punjabi, Oriya, Maithili and Assamese.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of India is Hindu at approximately 79% of the population. Around 14% are Muslim, 2% Christian and 1% Sikh. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of India
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to India:
National symbol(s): the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem Bengal tiger lotus flower
National colors: saffron, white and green
National Anthem/Song: Jana-Gana-Mana (Translation: Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)
National Holiday(s): Republic Day, 26 January (1950)
National Motto(s): Satyameva Jayate (Translation: Truth alone triumphs)