China is a coastal country located in Eastern Asia where it is bordered by Afghanistan, Bhutan, Hong Kong, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam, the East China Sea, South China Sea and Yellow Sea. It stretches over 9,598,000 km2 of land. The estimated overall population of China is over 1,409,517,397.
Check out interesting China facts and information about this Asian country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the location, currency, flag, continent, language, population, size, climate, people, geography, landscape, landmarks and culture of China.
Learn key information about Asia with our interesting China facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is China in? What is the culture of China like? What color is the flag of China? What is the capital city of China? How big is China?
China Fact File: Continent: Asia * Country Name(s): China, People's Republic of China * Location: Eastern Asia * Bordering: Afghanistan, Bhutan, Hong Kong, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam, the East China Sea, South China Sea and Yellow Sea * Capital City: Beijing * Size: 9,598,000 km2 * Estimated Population: over 1,409,517,397 * Currency: Chinese yuan (CNY) * Language(s): Standard Chinese * Country Code: +86
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
China belongs to the continent of Asia, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Afghanistan, Bhutan, Hong Kong, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam, the East China Sea, South China Sea and Yellow Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Asia is the world's largest continent, spanning a total area of 43,820,000 km2. Asia has 48 countries, with some countries belonging to both Asia and Europe, and forms 29.5% of the world's landmass. China is a coastal country that encompasses a total area of approximately 9,598,000 km2. It is the third largest country in the world.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this Asian country is in excess of 1,409,517,397 people. The majority of China's inhabitants reside in Shanghai which is the country's most populous city. China has the highest population in the world, its overall population density is approximately 139 people per sq km. The estimated population of Asia is approximately 4,393,296,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of China is Beijing. Other major cities located in this country include Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Wuhan.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
China has more border countries than any other country in world. It shares its borders with 14 other countries in total. The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of China:
Coastline 14,500 km, Afghanistan 91 km, Bhutan 477 km, Burma 2,129 km, India 2,659 km, Kazakhstan 1,765 km, North Korea 1,352 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,063 km, Laos 475 km, Mongolia 4,630 km, Nepal 1,389 km, Pakistan 438 km, Russia (northeast border) 4,133 km, Russia (northwest border) 46 km, Tajikistan 477 km, Vietnam 1,297 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
China is a huge country that experiences a diverse climate across its regions. Southern areas experience tropical weather conditions, where as northern areas tend to receive much colder weather and lower temperatures. The Himalayan Mountain range is located southwest and experiences subarctic conditions. China encompasses part of the Gobi Desert which receives very little rainfall. Higher levels of rainfall occur along the coast, particularly in Southern China. The geography of China can be described as diverse and varied due to the size of the country. It is formed majorly of hilly and mountainous regions, high plateaus, delta and desert regions, coastal areas and fertile lowlands. China is the largest country located solely on the continent of Asia. Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain, is situated in the Mahalangur region of the Himalayas on the border of China and Nepal. The major rivers of China include the Yangtze River, which is the country's largest and longest river, the Yellow River and the Mekong. Experts believe that the largest cluster of sinkholes on Earth is located within the Qinling mountains in north-western China. The lowest point of China is the Turpan Pendi at -154m, and the highest point of elevation is Mount Everest at 8,848m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of China
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources of China include coal, iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, zinc, lead, rare elements, uranium, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of China is Standard Mandarin/Chinese. Some of the population speak other languages as their primary form of communication, such languages include Yue, Wu, Minbei, Minnan, Xiang, Gan and Hakka.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
China is a multi-religious country and freedom of belief is a government policy in this part of the world. Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and folk religion are four of the main religions in this country. Other religions that are followed in China include Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of China
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of China:
National symbol(s): dragon, giant panda
National colors: red and yellow
National Anthem/Song: Yiyongjun Jinxingqu (Translation: The March of the Volunteers)
National Holiday(s): National Day 1 October (1949)