Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in Southern Asia where it is bordered by China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It covers 652,090 km2 of land. It is estimated that the population of Afghanistan is more than 35,530,081.
Find out interesting Afghanistan facts and information about this Asian country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Afghanistan.
Journey through Asia with our interesting Afghanistan facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Afghanistan in? What is the culture of Afghanistan like? What is the climate like in Afghanistan? What are the major cities of Afghanistan? What is the main language of Afghanistan?
Afghanistan Fact File: Continent: Asia * Country Name(s): Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan * Location: Southern Asia * Bordering: China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan * Capital City: Kabul * Size: 652,090 km2 * Estimated Population: over 35,530,081 * Currency: Afghan afghani (AFN) * Language(s): Dari and Pashto * Country Code: +93
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Afghanistan is located on the continent of Asia, where it has a landlocked position and is bordered by China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Asia is the world's largest continent, spanning a total area of 43,820,000 km2. Asia has 48 countries, with some countries belonging to both Asia and Europe, and forms 29.5% of the world's landmass. Afghanistan is a landlocked country that occupies a total area of approximately 652,090 km2. It is Asia's twelfth largest country by area.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this Asian country is over 35,530,081 people. The majority of Afghanistan's inhabitants reside in Kabul which is the country's most populous city. Afghanistan has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 48 people per sq km. The estimated population of Asia is approximately 4,393,296,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Afghanistan's capital city is called Kabul. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Kandahar, Mazari Sharif, Herat, Jalalabad and Kunduz.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of Afghanistan:
China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2,670 km, Tajikistan 1,357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate conditions of Afghanistan can be described as arid to semi-arid as this country receives a low amount of rainfall. When rain does occur, it generally falls across northern regions of Afghanistan. The weather is typically hot during the months of summer and the winter season is cold. The geography of Afghanistan is comprised majorly of rocky terrain, rugged mountains and vast areas of flat land. The lowest point of Afghanistan is the Amu Darya at 258m, and the highest point of elevation is Noshak at 7,492m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Afghanistan
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources of Afghanistan include natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, zinc, lead, iron ore, salt, gemstones, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Afghanistan are Afghan Persian (Dari) and Pashto. Approximately 11 percent speak Uzbek as a primary language. Other languages that are used as a first language by a small percentage of the population are English, Turkmen, Urdu, Pashayi, Nuristani and Arabic.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Afghanistan is Muslim at approximately 99% of the population. The majority are Sunni Muslims, and less than 15% are Shia Muslims. Sunni and Shia are two main branches of Islam. People belonging to the Islamic religion worship Allah. In the English language, the word Allah refers to God in Islam. Those belonging to the religion of Islam believe in one god. Most of Afghanistan’s population are Muslim and follow the practices of Islam.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Afghanistan
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Afghanistan:
National symbol(s): lion
National colors: red, green and black
National Anthem/Song: Milli Surood (Translation: National Anthem)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day 19 August (1919)