Sudan is a coastal country located in Northern Africa where it is bordered by the Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, South Sudan and the Red Sea. It encompasses 1,861,480 km2 of land. The estimated population of Sudan is thought to be more than 40,533,330.
Find out interesting Sudan facts and information about this African country with our fact file for kids. Uncover important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Sudan.
Learn about Africa with our interesting Sudan facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Sudan in? What is the culture of Sudan like? What is Sudan famous for? What is the capital city of Sudan? What is the main language of Sudan?
Sudan Fact File: Continent: Africa * Country Name(s): Sudan, Republic of the Sudan * Location: Northern Africa * Bordering: the Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, South Sudan and the Red Sea * Capital City: Khartoum * Size: 1,861,480 km2 * Estimated Population: over 40,533,330 * Currency: Sudanese pound (SDG) * Language(s): Arabic and English * Country Code: +249
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Sudan belongs to the continent of Africa, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by the Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, South Sudan and the Red Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Africa is the second largest continent in the world, it has 54 countries, stretches across a total area size of 30,370,000 km2 and forms 20.4% of the landmass of the world. Sudan is a coastal country that spans across a total area of approximately 1,861,480 km2. It is the third largest by land area country in Africa.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this African country is in excess of 40,533,330 people. The majority of Sudan's inhabitants reside in Omdurman which is the country's most populous city. Sudan has a high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 17 people per sq km. The estimated population of Africa is approximately 1,186,178,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Sudan's capital city is called Khartoum. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Omdurman, Nyala, Port Sudan, Kassala and Al-Ubayyid.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Sudan's approximate border lengths:
Coastline 853 km, Central African Republic 174 km, Chad 1,403 km, Egypt 1,276 km, Eritrea 682 km, Ethiopia 744 km, Libya 382 km, South Sudan 2,158 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Sudan has a dry desert climate characterized by high temperatures and a rainy season that occurs from April to November. The geography of Sudan is formed majorly of flatland regions and desert in the north. One of the most important geographical features of Sudan is the Nile River which forms in Khartoum where the Blue Nile and White Nile join together. The Nile River is important to Sudan as it serves as the country's primary water source. The lowest point of Sudan is the Red Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Jabal Marrah at 3,042m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Sudan
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Sudan include petroleum, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold and hydropower (water power).
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Sudan are Arabic and English. Other languages that are used as a primary form of communication but on a smaller scale include Nubian, Ta Bedawie and Fur.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Sudan is Sunni Muslim and a small proportion of the population are Christian.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Sudan
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of Sudan:
National symbol(s): secretary bird
National colors: red, white, black and green
National Anthem/Song: Nahnu Djundulla Djundulwatan (Translation: We Are the Army of God and of Our Land)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 1 January (1956)