Sao Tome and Principe is an island country located in Western Africa where it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean. It occupies 964 km2 of land. It is estimated that the population of Sao Tome and Principe is over 199,910.
Check out interesting Sao Tome and Principe facts and information about this African country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Sao Tome and Principe.
Explore Africa with our interesting Sao Tome and Principe facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Sao Tome and Principe in? What famous landmarks are there in Sao Tome and Principe? What is the culture of Sao Tome and Principe like? What is the geography of Sao Tome and Principe like? How big is Sao Tome and Principe?
Sao Tome and Principe Fact File: Continent: Africa * Country Name(s): Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe * Location: Western Africa * Bordering: the Atlantic Ocean * Capital City: Sao Tome * Size: 964 km2 * Estimated Population: over 199,910 * Currency: São Tomé and Príncipe dobra (STD) * Language(s): Portuguese * Country Code: +239
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Sao Tome and Principe is located on the continent of Africa, it is classed as an island country and is situated in the Atlantic Ocean in Western Africa. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Africa is the world's second largest continent, it has 54 countries, occupies a total area of 30,370,000 km2 and forms 20.4% of the landmass of the world. Sao Tome and Principe is an island country that occupies a total area of approximately 964 km2. It is the second smallest country in Africa. Sao Tome and Principe are formed of two main islands and a series of smaller islands. Sao Tome is the larger of the two islands.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this African country is thought to be more than 199,910 people. The majority of Sao Tome and Principe's inhabitants reside in Sao Tome which is the country's most populous city. Sao Tome and Principe has a low population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 171 people per sq km. The estimated population of Africa is approximately 1,186,178,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Sao Tome and Principe is Sao Tome. Other major cities located in this country include Santo António.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Sao Tome and Principe's approximate border lengths:
Coastline 209 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climatic conditions of Sao Tome and Principe can be described as tropical, and are characterized by hot, humid conditions, and a rainy season that occurs from October to May. The geography of SaoTome and Pricipe is interesting as the islands are of volcanic origin and feature mountainous regions. Sao Tome is a huge shield volcano that rises from more than 3,000m below sea level. The lowest point of Sao Tome and Principe is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Pico de Sao Tome at 2,024m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Sao Tome and Principe
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of Sao Tome and Principe include hydropower (water power) and fish.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Sao Tome and Principe is Portuguese, however, approximately one-third of the population speak Forro as a first language. Other languages that are used as a primary form of communication but on a smaller scale include Cabo Verdian, French, English, Angolar, Lunguie.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Sao Tome and Principe is Roman Catholic at approximately 55% of the population. Around 4% are Adventist and 3% Assembly of God. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Sao Tome and Principe
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Sao Tome and Principe:
National symbol(s): palm tree
National colors: green, yellow, red and black
National Anthem/Song: Independencia total (Translation: Total Independence)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 12 July (1975)
National Motto(s): Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho (Translation: Unity, Discipline, Work)