Ghana is a coastal country located in Western Africa where it is bordered by Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Togo and the Atlantic Ocean. It spreads over 238,533 km2 of land. The estimated population of Ghana is thought to be more than 28,833,629.
Find out interesting Ghana facts and information about this African country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the geography, landscape, landmarks, flag, population, size, continent, language, people, culture, climate, currency and location of Ghana.
Learn about Africa with our interesting Ghana facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Ghana in? What is the geography of Ghana like? What is the capital city of Ghana? What is the population of Ghana? What is the climate like in Ghana?
Ghana Fact File: Continent: Africa * Country Name(s): Ghana, Republic of Ghana * Location: Western Africa * Bordering: Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Togo and the Atlantic Ocean * Capital City: Accra * Size: 238,533 km2 * Estimated Population: over 28,833,629 * Currency: Ghanaian cedi (GHS) * Language(s): English * Country Code: +233
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Ghana belongs to the continent of Africa, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Togo and the Atlantic Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Africa is the world's second largest continent, it has 54 countries, occupies a total area of 30,370,000 km2 and forms 20.4% of the landmass of the world. Ghana is a coastal country that spreads over a total area of approximately 238,533 km2. It is a small to medium sized country when compared to other countries on the African mainland.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this African country is over 28,833,629 people. The majority of Ghana's inhabitants reside in Accra which is the country's most populous city. Ghana has a fairly high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 102 people per sq km. The estimated population of Africa is approximately 1,186,178,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Ghana's capital city is called Accra. The names of other major cities situated in this country are Kumasi, Tamale, Takoradze, Achiaman and Tema.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following guideline provides details on the approximate border lengths of Ghana:
Coastline 539 km, Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Ghana has a tropical climate that is characterized by hot and arid conditions in northern regions, hot and humid conditions in south-western regions, and warm, arid conditions along the coastal plains. The geography of Ghana comprises of large flat lowland regions interspersed with areas of elevation in the south-central region. The largest manmade reservoir is found in Ghana where it occupies a total surface area of around 8,482km2. The lowest point of Ghana is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Mount Afadjato at 885m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Ghana
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of Ghana include gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower (water power), petroleum, silver, salt and limestone.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Ghana is Asante. The languages of Ewe and Fante are also widely spoken in this country. Other languages that are used by a small percentage of the overall population include Boron, Dagarte, Dangme, Dagomba, Kokomba, Akyem and Ga.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Ghana is Christian at approximately 71% of the population. Around 17% are Muslim, and 5% belong to traditional religions. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Ghana
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries worldwide to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Ghana:
National symbol(s): black star, golden eagle
National colors: red, yellow, green and black
National Anthem/Song: God Bless Our Homeland Ghana
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 6 March (1957)
National Motto(s): Freedom and Justice