Gabon is a coastal country located in Central Africa where it is bordered by Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. It spans 267,668 km2 of land. The estimated overall population of Gabon is over 2,025,137.
Learn interesting Gabon facts and information about this African country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Gabon.
Explore Africa with our interesting Gabon facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Gabon in? What is the culture of Gabon like? How big is Gabon? What famous landmarks are there in Gabon? What color is the flag of Gabon?
Gabon Fact File: Continent: Africa * Country Name(s): Gabon, Gabonese Republic * Location: Central Africa * Bordering: Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean * Capital City: Libreville * Size: 267,668 km2 * Estimated Population: over 2,025,137 * Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF) * Language(s): French * Country Code: +241
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Gabon belongs to the continent of Africa, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Africa is the world's second largest continent, it has 54 countries, occupies a total area of 30,370,000 km2 and forms 20.4% of the landmass of the world. Gabon is a coastal country that encompasses a total area of approximately 267,668 km2. It is one of Africa's medium sized countries situated on the continent's mainland.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this African country is in excess of 2,025,137 people. The majority of Gabon's inhabitants reside in Libreville which is the country's most populous city. Gabon has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 6 people per sq km. The estimated population of Africa is approximately 1,186,178,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Gabon is Libreville. Other major cities located in this country include Port-Gentil, Franceville, Oyem, Moanda and Mouila.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of Gabon's borders:
Coastline 885 km, Cameroon 349 km, Republic of the Congo 2,567 km, Equatorial Guinea 345 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Gabon has a hot, humid tropical climate all year round. The geography of Gabon is characterized by its coastal plain, savanna grasslands that lie in eastern and southern areas, rolling hills and lush areas of rainforest. The rainforest of Gabon forms an important ecosystem that is rich in flora and fauna. The lowest point of Gabon is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Mont Iboundji at 1,575m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Gabon
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources found in Gabon include natural gas, petroleum, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore and hydropower (water power).
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Gabon is French. A small percentage of the population use other languages as their main form of communication such as Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou and Bandjabi
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Gabon is Roman Catholic at approximately 42% of the population. Around 12% are Protestant, 27% are Christian, and 9% Muslim. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Gabon
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts and information provide a guide to some of the most important national symbols, songs and colors of Gabon:
National symbol(s): black panther
National colors: green, yellow and blue
National Anthem/Song: La Concorde (Translation: The Concorde)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 17 August (1960)
National Motto(s): Union, Travail, Justice (Translation: Union, Work, Justice)