Ethiopia is a landlocked country located in Eastern Africa where it is bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. It spreads across 1,104,300 km2 of land. The approximate population of Ethiopia is over 104,957,438.
Learn interesting Ethiopia facts and information about this African country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the population, location, size, climate, currency, flag, continent, language, people, culture, geography, landscape and landmarks of Ethiopia.
Find out important information about Africa with our interesting Ethiopia facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Ethiopia in? What is the climate like in Ethiopia? What are the major cities of Ethiopia? What is the geography of Ethiopia like? What color is the flag of Ethiopia?
Ethiopia Fact File: Continent: Africa * Country Name(s): Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia * Location: Horn of Africa in Eastern Africa * Bordering: Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan * Capital City: Addis Ababa * Size: 1,104,300 km2 * Estimated Population: over 104,957,438 * Currency: Ethiopian birr (ETB) * Language(s): None * Country Code: +251
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Ethiopia is located on the continent of Africa, where it has a landlocked position and is bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Africa is the second largest continent in the world, it has 54 countries, stretches across a total area size of 30,370,000 km2 and forms 20.4% of the landmass of the world. Ethiopia is a landlocked country that spreads over a total area of approximately 1,104,300 km2. It is Africa's tenth largest country by area. Ethiopia is postioned on the mainland of Africa where it forms part of the Horn of Africa along with Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this African country is in excess of 104,957,438 people. The majority of Ethiopia's inhabitants reside in Addis Ababa which is the country's most populous city. Ethiopia has the second highest population in Africa, its overall population density is approximately 74 people per sq km. The estimated population of Africa is approximately 1,186,178,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa. The names of other major cities located in this country are Dire Dawa, Mek'ele, Nazrēt, Bahir Dar and Gonder.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following details provide a guide to Ethiopia's approximate border lengths:
Djibouti 342 km, Eritrea 1,033 km, Kenya 867 km, Somalia 1,640 km, South Sudan 1,299 km, Sudan 744 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate of Ethiopia varies with elevation. The lowlands receive a hot and arid climate, and the highlands receive a cool climate. The country is located just north of the Equator so the temperatures vary only slightly throughout the year. The southwest monsoon brings rain across the plateau and mountainous regions from June to September. Some areas of Ethiopia receive so little rainfall that severe droughts occur as a result, often having devastating consequences. The geography of Ethiopia changed significantly on 24 may 1993 when Enitrea gained its entire coastline with the Red Sea. Ethiopia has since become the world's most populated landlocked country. Its terrain is formed of high plateau with a central mountainous region that is separated by a geographic trench, known as the Great Rift Valley, that forms part of an intra-continental ridge system. The lowest point of Ethiopia is the Danakil Depression at -125m, and the highest point of elevation is Ras Dejen at 4,550m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Ethiopia
Natural resources can be defined as materials and substances that occur naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, construction and transport are three primary examples of uses of natural resources. The following information provides examples of these uses: fish occurs naturally in streams, rivers, lakes and oceans, and can be caught for food consumption. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests for construction purposes, i.e. to build homes and furniture. Crude oils can be refined into different kinds of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. The natural resources of Ethiopia include gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas and hydropower (water power).
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Ethiopia are Oromo and Amharic, although many other languages are spoken in this country, with many of them deriving from the Afro-asiatic family.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Ethiopia is Ethiopian Orthodox at approximately 43% of the population. Around 33% are Muslim and 18% Protestant. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Ethiopia
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Ethiopia:
National symbol(s): Abyssinian lion (traditional), yellow pentagram with five rays of light on a blue field (promoted by current government)
National colors: green, yellow and red
National Anthem/Song: Whedefit Gesgeshi Woud Enat Ethiopia (Translation: March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia)
National Holiday(s): Derg Downfall Day, 28 May (1991)