Interesting Eritrea Facts

Eritrea is a coastal country located in Eastern Africa where it is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan and the Red Sea. It stretches across 117,600 km2 of land. The estimated population of Eritrea is somewhere in the region of 5,068,831.

Check out interesting Eritrea facts and information about this African country with our fact file for kids. Explore important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Eritrea.

Identify important information about Africa with our interesting Eritrea facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Eritrea in? What is the culture of Eritrea like? What is the climate like in Eritrea? What is the capital city of Eritrea? What is the geography of Eritrea like?

Eritrea Fact File: Continent: Africa * Country Name(s): Eritrea, State of Eritrea * Location: Horn of Africa in Eastern Africa * Bordering: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan and the Red Sea * Capital City: Asmara * Size: 117,600 km2 * Estimated Population: over 5,068,831 * Currency: Eritrean nakfa (ERN) * Language(s): Arabic, English and Tigrinya * Country Code: +291

Interesting Eritrea Facts for Kids

Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Eritrea belongs to the continent of Africa, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan and the Red Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Africa is the second largest continent in the world, it has 54 countries, spans a total area of 30,370,000 km2 and forms 20.4% of the world's landmass. Eritrea is a coastal country that occupies a total area of approximately 117,600 km2. It is one of Africa's small to medium sized countries positioned on its mainland where it forms part of the Horn of Africa along with Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia.

Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this African country is more than 5,068,831 people. The majority of Eritrea's inhabitants reside in Asmara which is the country's most populous city. Eritrea has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 45 people per sq km. The estimated population of Africa is approximately 1,186,178,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.

Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara. Other major cities located in this country include Keren, Massawa, Assab, Mendefera and Barentu.

Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following information provides a guideline to the approximate border lengths of Eritrea:
Coastline 2,234 km, Djibouti 125 km, Ethiopia 1,033 km, Sudan 682 km.

Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate of Eritrea ranges across its coastal, lowlands and areas of elevation. Its coastal areas receive a hot and arid climate, whilst the lowlands experience semiarid conditions. Highland areas receive the most rainfall and experience cooler weather conditions than the coastal regions. The geography of Eritrea is composed mainly of highland areas to the north-south, a coastal desert plain to the east, hilly regions in the northwest and areas of flat land and plains to the southwest. When Enitrea gained independence from Ethiopia in 1993, it gained the the country's entire coastline of the Red Sea. The lowest point of Eritrea is the near Kulul within the Danakil Depression at -75m, and the highest point of elevation is Soira at 3,018m.

Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Eritrea
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Eritrea include gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, and fish.

Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Eritrea are Tigrinya, Arabic and English. Other languages that are spoken by a smaller percentage of the population include Tigre, Kunama and Afar.

Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religions of Eritrea are Muslim and Christian, split equally across the country. The Christian community includes Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant religions.

Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Eritrea
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of Eritrea:

  • National symbol(s): camel

  • National colors: green, red and blue

  • National Anthem/Song: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Translation: Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea)

  • National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 24 May (1991)

Interesting Eritrea Facts for Kids

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