Chad is a country located in Central Africa where it is landlocked by six countries. It is the fifth largest country on the continent of Africa and it spreads over approximately 1,284,000 sq km (496,000 square miles) of land. It is estimated that the population of Chad is in excess of 13,670,000 inhabitants.
Learn about interesting Chad facts and information about this Central African country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the geography, famous landmarks, size, population, language, location, main religion, culture and history of Chad.
Journey through Africa with our interesting country facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Chad in? How big is Chad? What are the bordering countries of Chad? What is the main religion of Chad? What are the major cities of Chad? What is the geography of Chad like?
Chad Fact File: Continent: Africa *** Country Name(s): Republic of Chad, Republique du Tchad *** Location: Central Africa *** Bordering Countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan *** Capital City: N'Djamena *** Size: 1,284,000 sq km (496,000 square miles) *** Estimated Population: over 13,670,000 *** Main Religion(s): Islam *** Currency: CFA franc (XAF) *** Language(s): Arabic and French *** Country Code for Chad: +235 *** Largest Cities / Towns: N'Djamena, Moundou, Sarh, Abeche, Kelo, Koumra, Pala, Am Timan, Bongor and Mongo *** Geography of Chad: Sahara Desert, Lake Chad wetland area, Lakes of Ouniange, Sudanian Savanna, Sahelian belt (part of the Sahel), Zakouma National Park, plains and mountains *** Famous Landmarks of Chad: Prehistoric paintings in the Tibesti Mountains, historical site of Begon II, Chad National Museum, Chad Cultural Centre, ancient city of Ouara, Grand Mosque, Cathedral, and Avenue Charles de Gaulle
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Where is Chad located?
Chad is located on the continent of Africa. It is positioned in Central Africa, where it is landlocked by six countries. The names of its border countries are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Chad population and size
Chad is the 5th biggest country in Africa and its total area size is 1,284,000 sq km (496,000 square miles). It is thought that this African country has a population of around 13,670,000 people with Chad’s most populous city being the capital of N'Djamena.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: The capital of Chad
The capital city of Chad is called N'Djamena and it is situated in the west of the country. N'Djamena is the city with the greatest population of people in Chad and has an estimated population of 721,000 people. The area is interesting as it is home to several fascinating landmarks; the Grand Mosque, Cathedral, and Avenue Charles de Gaulle are located in capital city of Chad. The city of N'Djamena is core to the economy of Chad. Many goods are produced and sold here including cotton, salt, and different food products such as fruit, meat and fish. It is home to the Chari River which features a port. N’Djamena is located on the border with Cameroon and the Cameroonian town of Kousseri is accessible by bridge.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Chad major cities
There are several major cities in located in Chad, the names of the largest and most important cities and towns include the country’s capital N'Djamena, and Moundou, Sarh, Abeche, Kelo, Koumra, Pala, Am Timan, Bongor and Mongo. The second largest city in Chad is Moundou which is located around 475km from the capital city of N'Djamena. The city of Moundou is located on the River Mbere and comprises an industrial center that is important to the economy of this African country. Some of the most important products that are produced locally include cotton, oil and beer.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Chad flag facts
The national flag of Chad, which can be described as a tricolour flag, was adopted on June 11, 1959, and is formed by three vertical stripes, equal in size, which appear in color order of dark blue, gold and red from left to right. The design is very similar to that of the Romanian flag, the main difference being the shade of blue used on the first vertical bar, to which Chad's is darker. The Chadian flag has symbolic meaning that is illustrated by the combination of former colonial French colors; red and blue, and bright Pan-African colors of red and yellow / gold. The colors are symbolic of the geography and culture of Chad. The color blue represents the sky and water, yellow / gold symbolizes the sun, and red shows unity and sacrifice.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Language of Chad
The main, official languages of Chad include Arabic and French which are widely spoken throughout Chad. There are more than 100 types of languages used in this multilingual country and a lingua France that has developed between people of different native languages is Chadian Arabic.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: What is the main religion of Chad?
The main religion of Chad is Islam. Over half of Chad's population are Muslim and follow the practices of Islam. Approximately 20 percent of Chadian people are Roman Catholic, 16 percent are Protestant and the remainder are either non-religious or belong to other faiths such as Animist.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Chad food facts
The cuisine in Chad can be described as tasty and varied. Chadian cuisine is centred around foods such as rice, grains, vegetables, meats such as chicken, mutton, goat, pork and beef, and fish such as perch, carp, eel and talipia. The most traditional types of Chadian foods include daraba, esh, jarret de boeuf (beef and vegetable stew), pancakes, porridge, and squash stew with peanuts.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Chad climate facts
The climate of Chad can be described as tropical. Southern areas experience a wet season from May through to October which heads northwards towards the Sahel from June to September. The Sahel can be defined as the area of transition between the Sahara Desert and the Sudanian Savanna. Central Chad typically receives around 30cm to 60cm of rainfall per year on average, where as the Sahel receives more rainfall at a rate of approximately 90cm per year. The average annual temperature of the capital city of N’Djamena, located on the west coast, ranges between 32 to 41 degrees Celsius depending on the time of year.
Interesting Facts for Kids 10: Chad geography facts
The geography of Chad is very interesting as it varies across the land from rivers, lakes, coastal regions and wetlands, to savanna grassland, mountains, plateau, desert and the Sahel.
Interesting Facts for Kids 11: Chad famous landmarks
There are numerous famous landmarks, monuments and buildings in Chad including the Prehistoric paintings in the Tibesti Mountains, historical site of Begon II, Chad National Museum, Chad Cultural Centre, ancient city of Ouara, Grand Mosque, Cathedral, and Avenue Charles de Gaulle.
Interesting Facts for Kids 12: What is Chad famous for?
Chad is famous for its rich culture and diverse geography which is very interesting as it comprises of desert areas, rivers, lakes, beaches, mountains and plateau.
Interesting Facts for Kids 13: Chad culture facts
The culture of Chad is defined by its people and their love of music, cuisine, sport, films and literature. Music is influenced by various instruments including harps, drums, whistles, horns and stringed instruments. Cuisine is important and some of the most popular types of food found here include the staple food millet and fish. The most popular type of sport in Chad is football. The country has its own national team. Other types of sports, such as wrestling and basketball, are also enjoyed in this part of Africa.